Given that I have recently decided to collect all of the important verses from the entirety of the Old Testament in one place, I decided to do something a little different with these overview posts. I'm going to very briefly describe the important parts in each chapter. I've also decided to collect highlights of the Christian commentary arguments here.
|God's to do list: Genesis Edition|
Day 1: God creates a formless earth and light
Day 2: God creates the sky
Day 3: God created dry land and plants
Day 4: God created stars, the sun, and the moon.
Day 5: God created sea creatures and birds
Day 6: God created land animals and humans, and gave humans everything.
- The commentaries try desperately to explain away the obvious scientific inaccuracies in this chapter
God rests on day 7, then he recounts the creation of man and woman. He creates the garden of eden, along with the tree with the forbidden fruit. Also, apparently one verse here is the basis for marriage.
- The existence of the forbidden fruit is justified by saying God wants us to have a choice.
- God gave man woman because marriage civilizes men, sociopaths are always single.
- Adam coming first proves men > women.
A serpent tricks Eve to eat the fruit and she shares it with Adam. They got knowledge of good and evil from the fruit and hid from God because they were naked. He punished them by giving women the pain of childbirth and making men work in the field. He then kicked them out of Eden.
- Don't even talk to people who are "evil"
- Being deceived is a sin
- Christianity brought rights to women
Adam and Eve have 2 sons, Cain and Abel. Cain killed Abel and he then he ran away from God to the east where he found a wife somehow and had a bunch of kids. Adam and Eve had a replacement son.
Explains that people used to live a long time and goes through a bunch of pointless genealogies. Very boring, don't waste your time reading this one.
- We can count the genealogies backward and see that the earth is around 10,000 years old. This doesn't match what science says because God created the universe with age built in.
- People lived longer before the flood because the effects of the fall hadn't had time to build up in the gene pool yet.
God sees that humanity is evil and decides to kill everyone. God tells Noah to build an ark and put his family as well as 2 of every animal (and 7 of every clean animal) into it.
- Angels/demons mated with humans which partly caused the widespread problems.
- God being sad that man turned out that way doesn't mean he didn't know it would happen or that his creation had gotten away from him.
- Everyone will die eventually, so it is God's prerogative to kill you when he sees fit. Therefore God killing everyone and everything wasn't overly harsh or cruel.
- We haven't found the ark because of politics.
God follows through and kills everyone in a global flood.
- Many cultures have a flood story because they are all descendants of Noah.
- There is enough water if the earth was a perfect sphere.
Noah waits out the flood, when it is finally over he lets everyone out of the ark and immediately sacrifices some animals.
- People are inherently evil.
God tells Noah that he and his descendants are allowed to eat any animal, just not blood. God says that eye for an eye is good, then he tells people he will never kill everyone on the planet again with a flood and the rainbow is the sign of this. Later, Ham sees drunken Noah naked and is punished severely along with all of his descendants.
- Many details are added to make Ham seem like he deserves his fate. The items added include that he was insulting, looked on Noah with delight, and even that he sexually abused his father.
The tower of babel. People gather together instead of dispersing as God said and build a tower into the heavens. God says it is only the beginning and they will be able to accomplish anything they want now, so he makes everyone speak different languages to stop it.
- Waterproof bricks prove they didn't believe God wouldn't flood the earth again
- Building a tower to heaven is silly, they probably built a tower that looks into heaven
- It's a blessing not a curse, God is putting a check on fallen man's evil
- God in the flesh = Jesus
- Man is no better after the flood than before
- People spread out and change for their environment, he describes evolution
- Language must be from God, unless it evolved
God tells Abram to go to a new place and he then promises the Canaanites land to his descendants. Later Abram goes to Egypt and tells the Pharaoh his wife is his sister. The Pharaoh, thinking she's single, takes her as his wife and gets punished by God for this act. So he gives her back and sends them on their way
- God in human form must be Jesus
- The Canaanites are demonized to explain why God is giving away their land
- God is praised for creating famine in some place but not everywhere
- Pharaoh is cast as evil even though he never did anything wrong here
Abram and Lot have too much livestock for the land they are occupying and get in each other's way. They decide to separate
Lot get's captured and Abram rescues him.
God promises Lot that he will have a son and countless descendants who will have control over land which currently belong to other people. But first they would have to be slaves for hundreds of years.
After Sarai and Abram have trouble getting pregnant, Sarai suggests that Abram get her servant Hagar pregnant. He does that, but then Sarai gets jealous and scares Hagar away. But an angel gets Hagar to come back, so I guess everything is cool.
- An angel of the lord appeared to Abram, it must be Jesus!
- God talking to Abraham must be Jesus
- Circumcising the slaves was doing them a solid
- Once again, Jesus is inserted here
- God's apparent lack of knowledge is for Abraham's benefit
Abraham uses the same scam as in chapter 12, he says Sarah is his sister, a king takes her as a wife, then God gets pissed at the king so he gives Sarah back to Abraham and gives him a bunch of money to make the problem go away.
Isaac is born, Sarah makes Abraham kick Hagar and Ishmael out of the house, but they do fine in the wilderness so it's cool. Then Abraham makes some treaty with Abimelech.
- Isaac is a lot like Jesus
- When people listen to voices in their heads now they are deranged, but Abraham was not
- Abraham thought God would resurrect Isaac after he killed him
- Isaac is like Jesus
- God wanted to see that Abraham loved him more than he loved Isaac
- Abraham says he's a foreigner because he belongs in heaven
After Sarah, Abraham remarried and had a bunch of kids. But he sent them away and spent virtually all of his resources of Isaac. Rebekah had trouble getting pregnant, but eventually had twins. They fought in the womb and God said they would fight forever. Esau was born first, but God said Jacob would be in charge. At some point Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for a meal.
- God works in mysterious ways
- no recognition that Isaac was wrong about people killing him over his wife's beauty
- Defense of racist characters
Jacob gets blessed by his father and is told to head to Laban to live with his mother's sister and marry one of his cousins. One the way there he has a dream and God tells him he will inherit the land. Esau adds one of Ismael's daughters to his harem.
Jacob agrees to marry Rachel, but her father tricks him into marrying his other daughter Leah as well. When God sees that Rachel is loved but Leah isn't, he makes Rachel barren and gives Leah 4 sons.
- God was teaching Jacob a lesson
Jacob has tons of kids with his wives and their servants as they fight over him. Then he and Laban negotiate the terms of him returning to the Canaanite lands. Jacob skirts these terms by manipulating the breeding of the livestock by controlling what they look at while breeding...seriously...that's in there.
Jacob decides to go back to the Canaanite lands that God has promised him. He sneaks away from Laban with his family in tow. Laban catches up to him and they agree to not fight in the future.
Jacob returns to the land of his father, and sends word to Esau hoping they can make up. It appears that Esau is still pissed. Jacob tries to appease him with gifts, then makes preparations to save his family even if he winds up dying. Also, he wrestles with God and wins.
- When the bible says that Jacob wins, it means that God wins
- God in the flesh must be Jesus
Jacob was afraid of meeting Esau, but it turned out Esau was just happy to see him
Jacob's daughter gets raped by a prince, so Jacob's sons tell his city that if they all get circumcised they can marry each other's women. When the men are recovering Jacob's sons kill all the men and steal all of their stuff including women and children.
Jacob leaves that area, and God keeps the other surrounding cities from attacking them as they leave. Also Jacob's wife Rachel and his father Isaac die.
We learn that Jacob and Esau combined have so much stuff that they can't live near each other.
Joseph is Jacob's favorite son. He is unfortunately completely unaware of how much his brothers hate him until his pisses them off to the point that they almost kill him. At the last minute they decide to sell him into slavery instead.
- Guzik assumes that since this story and one about Jesus both use astronomical objects, they must be related
- Guzik compares the trials of Joseph with modern day Christians
Judah had 3 sons, the oldest got married but God killed him before he had children. The second son was supposed to impregnate his wife and the kid would count as the older's, so the middle son didn't want to do it and God killed him as well. Judah was scared of losing his last son so he doomed her to being an eternal widow, but then she tricked him into impregnating her. She then had twins and there was some shenanigans about which was born first.
- Being around and marrying Canaanites is the source of the problem
- This message isn't about masturbation, although some say it is
- It was god's plan that she trick Judah into impregnating her
Joseph has a few high ranking guys thrown in jail with him. He interprets their dreams and tells one he will be restored to his former position, and tells the other he will be killed. Both are correct predictions.
Joseph interprets a dream for Pharaoh and then becomes his right hand man. He is put in charge of taking extra grain from people during times of surplus and selling it back to them during a famine.
- The holy spirit supposedly makes a showing
- God uses famine to accomplish his goals
- Satan is blamed for Judah's previous poor actions
Joseph finally tells his brothers who he is and sends for his family to live nearby and be taken care of. Pharaoh approves.
Joseph's family moves closer to Egypt and the Pharaoh approves. Also, genealogies.
The Pharaoh meets Joseph's family and once again, says they can settle in Goshen. Jacob blesses Pharaoh a few times. Then Joseph takes all of the starving people's resources in exchange for giving them their own food back and makes the slaves of the Pharaoh from now on.
- Jacob saying his life was a pilgrimage means he knew about heaven
We get a summary of Jacob's sons, what they have done and what they will do. They are pretty much all terrible. Also Jacob dies.
Jacob is buried, Josephs brothers lie to him saying their father wanted him to forgive them, he says God used their evil for good ends. Then Joseph dies.
- They totally ignore the lie the brothers told.
- Also, God will use bad things in your life for eventual good.